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Volume 2, Number 3--4, July-December 2023
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Krešimir Pavelić


[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:1] [Pages No:iv - iv]

   DOI: 10.5005/sar-2-3-4-iv  |  Open Access | 



Borislav Petrović, Bojan Dobovšek

Corruption and Ethics in Health Care

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:7] [Pages No:105 - 111]

Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Corruption, Corruption risk, Health care, Medicine

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0055  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Corruption risks and corruption in health care remain a global problem to which Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is not immune. It is similar all around the world, which is why we exposed the problem of corruption in health care in this article. Desk research and a literature review indicated that four forms of corruption and corruption risks prevail in health care. These are corruption and corruption risks arising from cooperation with manufacturers/distributors of medicines and medical devices, corruption and corruption risks in the field of public procurement, corruption and corruption risks in the intertwining of public and private practices, and corruption and corruption risks relating to waiting lists. There is a high probability that systemic corruption is present in the health care system. To limit corruption and corruption risks, the most effective approaches are to increase the transparency of the health system and hold key actors accountable; a centralized public procurement system must be implemented as well as proper waiting line management. In the end, some solutions are proposed.



Nada Gosić, Tajana Tomak

Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Religion in Bioethical Education: One Proposition

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:5] [Pages No:112 - 116]

Keywords: Bioethical education, Healthcare professionals, Pregnancy, Religious beliefs, Students

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0054  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


The article presents and actualizes the authors’ thoughts and views that contribute to establishing and developing a culture of dialogue on the stated topic in bioethical education. Therefore, the article should assist students of health studies and health professionals in establishing and developing relations with pregnant women and mothers (and newborns) raised and matured within different religious values. Considering that the topic is intended for implementation in the curriculum, the selection of literature aimed at selecting authors whose words and thoughts will be clear and understandable to students and, as such, will help them understand the behavior and decision-making of religious pregnant women in healthcare and nursing procedures. For that purpose, a PubMed database known to students and teachers was researched, in which articles related to the words pregnancy, childbirth, religion, the religiosity of pregnant women, church and pregnant women, etc., were published in the past 5 years. Two books were found while searching the literature. The first book is also a Croatian translation of the book “Christ Centered Childbirth” by Kelly J Townsend, in which three cases from Croatia were published. In these cases, pregnant women and mothers describe the practical importance of reading the thoughts and recommendations published in this book for pregnant women, future parents, and families. The second book is “Pregnancy and Breastfeeding,” published in the edition “Islam and Medicine” by Suada Mujkić. The content of the book connects the Islamic religion and tradition with pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. The article can help students of the faculties of health studies and health professionals to equally apply, in addition to professional knowledge, ethical cognition that will help them establish and develop an ethical relationship and ethical care for religious pregnant women and mothers when facing a decision.



Goran Krstačić, Antonija Krstačić

A New Method in Cardiovascular Rehabilitation: Look at the Future?

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:6] [Pages No:117 - 122]

Keywords: Cardiovascular rehabilitation, Digital health, Fractal chromo-music therapy

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0059  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Aim: To point out the importance and possibility of applying some new methods of digital health in cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR). Background: Cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) is a part of cardiologic treatment that is performed in specialized hospitals or outpatient centers by a team of medical personnel using an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach. CR is an effective, safe, cost-effective procedure that can be tailored to the patient and reduces mortality, increases functional capacity, restores work fitness and work capacity, and improves quality of life. This form of cardiologic treatment is adaptable and economical but still underused because it is partly ignored by medical professionals themselves, and also due to the possible remoteness of available rehabilitation centers. Materials and methods: The combination of analysis of the heart rhythm variability of the patient, who is in the CR program, and music and image therapy, the so-called fractal chromo-musicotherapy. This means that we could give the patient the so-called “three-in-one” therapy, that is, chromotherapy based on the images and colors of his heart generated from the digital data of the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal during the cardiac rehabilitation program (basic ECG, telemetry ECG, or 24-hour ECG recording) and music therapy that is especially for the patient composed by a professional pianist who has extensive experience in music therapy for various forms of illness. Patients listen to “harmonious music” for and from the heart and, at the same time, observe fractal images and colors of their hearts. Conclusion: The combination of standard and new techniques based on a holistic approach and digital health could achieve better patient involvement in the CR program, better rehabilitation results, and longer sustainability of positive results.



Vida Demarin, Jasna Badzak, Zivko Miscevic, Filip Derke

Through the Mediterranean Way of Life to a Healthier Brain

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:8] [Pages No:123 - 130]

Keywords: Brain health, Mediterranean diet, Stroke

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0061  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


The Mediterranean diet (MD) is usually consumed among the populations bordering the Mediterranean Sea, representing a model of healthy eating, favorable health status, and better quality of life. Several studies demonstrated the beneficial and preventive role of the MD in the occurrence of many diseases. Therefore, some of them support the favorable effects of the MD on plasma lipid profile: reduction of total and plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, plasma triglyceride levels, apolipoprotein B, and very-LDL concentrations, and an increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. This effect is associated with increased plasma antioxidant capacity, improved endothelial function, reduced insulin resistance, and reduced incidence of metabolic syndrome. The beneficial impact of fish consumption on the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is the result of the synergistic effects of nutrients in fish. Fish is considered an excellent source of protein with low saturated fat, nutritious trace elements, long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFAs), and vitamins D and B. Fish consumption may be inversely associated with ischemic stroke but not with hemorrhagic stroke. Total stroke risk reduction (RR) was statistically significant for fish intake once per week, while the risk of stroke was lowered by 31% in individuals who ate fish five times or more per week. Greater adherence to the MD is associated with a significant reduction in overall mortality, mortality from CVDs and stroke, incidence of or mortality from cancer, and incidence of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment.



Kotel Dadon

Ecology in Judaism

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:8] [Pages No:131 - 138]

Keywords: Ecology, Environment, Judaism, Rabbi, Torah

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0056  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Ecology has become one of the greatest moral and existential crises of our time because of the environmental disasters we have experienced in recent years. Scientists predict that these disasters will become more frequent and even worse. The world is changing, and therefore, it is our duty to get involved and contribute to the global effort for a better environment. This article is a modest contribution to these efforts by examining Judaism's religious, legal, and moral standpoint on the ecological crisis for a better future. The first part of the article discusses the various ideological approaches to ecology, the anthropocentric and the biocentric, and then defines the place of the Jewish theocentric approach in the ecological discourse. The next part deals with ecology in the Bible by analyzing some commandments from the Torah that contain an ecological argument and support the moral idea of preserving the environment. These include the Sabbath commandment, the Sabbath year, and the prohibition against wasteful destruction. The final part of the article analyzes ecology in rabbinic literature, focusing on various precepts and commandments in Jewish law in the area of tort law and neighbor relations that were enacted to prevent various types of damage and pollution (noise, air, or water) that can be caused by industrial production. Commandments that maintain the balance between the need for industrial and economic production and optimal living conditions for residents. In this treatise, the author uses many sources from rabbinic literature from the Talmudic period through the Middle Ages to modern times.



Sanja Vujačić

Behind the New “Iron Curtain” Called “the West vs the Rest”

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:9] [Pages No:139 - 147]

Keywords: Dehierarchization, Geopolitics, No society, Posthumanism, Recursion, Woman 2.0

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0057  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


The West gave up on the common good through the “secession of elites” who gradually lost touch with the real concerns of ordinary citizens. The American meritocratic dream has vanished. In the most complex human organization (the system of international relations), disorder is growing. “No society” governance has not been able to produce development energy since the “end of history” stopped the ago–antagonistic debate about the best economic system and form of government. After pessimism and the abandonment of the class struggle, the left was gripped by fatalism, the belief that any attempt to improve the world is a waste of time or only leads to a worsening of the situation. The conviction that something completely different should be tried led to left-wing radicalism, contained in ecological nihilism and intersectional feminism. What are the chances that this new leftist ideology will be imposed on the world through the new geopolitical division “The West vs the rest”?



Asim Kurjak, Milan Stanojevic

Healthy Aging in this Dynamic Time

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:6] [Pages No:148 - 153]

Keywords: Aging, Health, World Health Organization, Epidemiology

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0060  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Modern development has increased the percentage of older people in any society. This is particularly so in a group of those who are over 65. We all have, however, to understand that aging is not a disease; it is a normal physiological status on which we can influence in many forms of healthy aging. This paper describes and statistically illustrates the global situation in the different age groups, proposing the best measures to be taken for healthy aging.



Ivan Koprek, Mikolaj Martinjak

Ethics and Ecology

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:7] [Pages No:154 - 160]

Keywords: Determinism, Ecology, Ethics, Human activity, Human freedom, Moderate biocentrism, Nature, Philosophy

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0058  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Ethics as a “practical philosophy” should judge not only human actions toward their “neighbors” but also toward the wholeness of all living beings and the entirety of the world (cosmos)—nature—whose regeneration abilities are limited. As an important interlocutor in the scientific and social debate on ecology, philosophy (especially ethics) should clarify and reconcile the tensions between natural determinism and human freedom that shape collective (economic and political) life. In that sense, this article advocates moderate biocentrism, which emphasizes that all living and nonliving organisms (including nature) are, in an analogous sense, objective goals or goals in themselves. As means–ends in themselves, they are never the exclusive means for man's subjective goals. Therefore, the idea of moral order in the realm of goals is not and must not be limited only to man but should also include nature—if not as a subject, then certainly as an object of the moral order.



Jadranka Cerovec, Kresimir Pavelic

Internacionalna akademija nauka i umjetnosti u Bosni i Hercegovini: neki brojčani i scientometrijski pokazatelji članova

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:7] [Pages No:161 - 167]

Keywords: Academy (IANUBIH), Members, Scientometrics, Functions, Goals

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0063  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Founding documents of the International Academy of Sciences and Arts in Bosnia and Herzegovina (IANUBIH), state that the Academy's task is to encourage the development of science and art, preserve, nurture and promote scientific and cultural traditions, and expresses readiness for changes that are appropriate to the times and needs of the environment from which it originates, and in which it exists. The Academy mission and implementing activities are accordingly in line with the criteria, and specifically in line with the values accepted in world science and art. The Academy acts in constant pursuit of scientific truth and artistic excellence as the baseline criterion and ideal of its activity. Such goals require a strong and qualified membership that is capable of carrying such demanding tasks. The quality of the Academy and its members is unquestionable. According to numerical and scientometric indicators, it is the strongest Academy in the region. As many as 46 of the Academy members are actual or former deans, vice deans, rectors, heads of departments. 15 of the members held the functions of rector, and 15 members were ambassadors, consuls and diplomats in general, 11 members held the functions of ministers, 34 members were or are also members of various world and regional academies. These significant indicators point to a relevant high-quality structure of members of the Academy, not only in terms of gathering holders of important national, regional or world academic functions, but also gathering active scientists that actively and directly participate in the global scientific achievements, which is reflected in the summarized number of citations and the h-index. At the same time, it should be emphasized that a significant number of members are scientifically active within their exponential life phase. These qualities were the precise underlying reason for establishing the Academy with the aim of promoting science and education in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the wider region.



Elia Pekica Pagon

A Strong Belief in a Better World

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:3] [Pages No:168 - 170]

Keywords: Censorship, Equality, Equal chances, Freedom, Freedom of speech, Hypocrisy of democracy

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0062  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Elia Pekica Pagon, Magister Educationis Philologiae Anglica, Magister Educationis Philologiae Italicae, is an established Croatian author (writer and editor) who writes poetry and prose and has published her work in 36 books till now (in 10 of her own books and 26 collective books) in Croatia and the United States of America. Elia's only wish is to give her modest contribution to building a better world in which all people in the world would have equal rights to smile, love, and be happy. In her opinion, every person on our planet needs to have the equal right to medical care, to the joy of life as such, to have a place to live, to have a job that makes someone happy, and to a life worth living. Only when we understand that happiness and sadness in the eyes of other people are connected with ourselves and our happiness and sadness will we be able to understand that we are all connected by invisible threads, both in the real world and in the virtual world in which, as well as in the real world—every moment is precious. Therefore, let's devote all of our life moments to true values and those contents that will make our lives and this world a better and more beautiful, nobler, and more meaningful place. Let's make our socializing both in the real and virtual world more pleasant and beautiful. Let's greet each other warmly, with honest smiles on our faces when we meet. Every kind gesture is beautiful, even the smallest one because it's one step further toward a better world, much better than the one we live in. Let's build bridges, not walls, between each other. Please read more about Elia on her official website:



Marko-Ivan Pekica

How to be a Great Communicator?

[Year:2023] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2] [Number:3--4] [Pages:2] [Pages No:171 - 172]

Keywords: Communication, Communication skills, Great communicator, Improving communication skills, Listening, Public speaking

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0064  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Marko-Ivan Pekica is an internationally known Croatian communicologist, poet, professor, lecturer, journalist, writer, screenwriter, art photographer, director, and marketing expert. As a lecturer, he dedicated himself especially to communication, which became his main interest. In this text, Marko is talking about the skills of a great communicologist and how everyone can improve their communication skills and become better public speakers.


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