Science, Art and Religion

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Volume 3, Number 1--2, January-June 2024
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EDITORIAL

Krešimir Pavelić

Editorial

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:iv - iv]

   DOI: 10.5005/sar-3-1-2-iv  |  Open Access | 

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Drago Kraljević

The Biblical Story of Telomeres

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:16] [Pages No:1 - 16]

Keywords: Aging, Bible, Religion, Telomeres

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0065  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Human aging is a complex process that is not yet fully understood by science. Accordingly, scientists mostly agree that the term aging applies to a correlated set of declines in functioning, mainly underlined by genetic material damage, telomere shortening, epigenetic changes, and deregulated metabolic processes, especially nutrient sensing. One of the aging indicators, namely the length of telomeres, which are located at the ends of chromosomes, has been acknowledged as a key marker of biological age. Over time, the telomeres shorten, and this contraction causes a diminishment in the life span. The article mentions the state of the Earth before the flood, the antediluvial patriarch and their longevity, and the views of famous theologians, sociologists, philosophers, and general thinkers on the problems of aging, longevity, and biblical interpretation. At the end of the text, a general overview of religions and scientific approaches to human life spans is given.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Krešimir Galešić

Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies-associated Vasculitis

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:10] [Pages No:17 - 26]

Keywords: Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies-associated vasculitis, Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis or Churg–Strauss syndrome, Etiology, Granulomatosis with polyangiitis or Wegener's granulomatosis, Microscopic polyangiitis, Pathogenesis, Therapy

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0071  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Vasculitis related to antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) (ANCA-vasculitis) is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of small to medium-sized blood vessels with consequent damage and loss of function in certain organs. The ANCA-associated vasculitides are defined by specific pathological changes and associated autoimmune responses produced by ANCA antibodies. The nomenclature of vasculitis from the consensus conference in Chapel Hill defines ANCA-vasculitis as necrotizing vasculitis with little or no immune deposits and predominant involvement of small blood vessels (capillaries, venules, arterioles, and small arteries). There are two phases in the treatment of ANCA small vessel vasculitis—induction treatment and maintenance therapy.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Garry Jacobs, Janani Ramanathan

Human Security as a New Paradigm for Global Security

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:27 - 30]

Keywords: Global security, Human security, New paradigm

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0070  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The global challenges confronting humanity are interlinked and interdependent. They are all global in nature and none of them can be addressed successfully by individual nations acting on their own. In order to effectively navigate the closely interconnected world that we live in and address its challenges, we need new levels of organization and strategy, and the development of stronger and more effective multilateral institutions than we have at present. One of the solutions that the World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS) has identified is the need for a new, comprehensive, all-compassing concept of human security. In order to convert this concept into reality, it is necessary to understand the limitations of our institutions, systems, policies, and even our way of thinking. Comprehensive, integrated perspectives are needed to replace fragmented understanding and piecemeal solutions. We need to transcend the limitations of a rearview mirror mentality to identify the very real possibilities for a better world and act decisively with full faith and determination in our collective capacity to realize them. The pressure generated by the multidimensional crises we face can be utilized to break free of encrusted ideas and overcome the resistance of vested interests and rigid structures. Now is the time to initiate steps for such a transformation without waiting for further crises to compel us. One example is the launching by the United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security (UNTFHS) and WAAS of a global campaign on Human Security for All (HS4A) to generate support for human security as a unifying approach that can be embraced and applied by people and organizations at all levels and in all fields of global society.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Alyn Ware

The Promise of Peace and Nuclear Abolition: Has Large Power Aggression Destroyed Common Security?

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:31 - 37]

Keywords: Common security, Nuclear abolition, Peace

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0073  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The United Nations (UN) Secretary-General is currently preparing a new agenda for peace, which is expected to broaden the traditional framework of security as it relates to relations between nations. It will also include the notion of human security, which focuses on the well-being of individuals and communities. This human security framework integrates traditional peace and security approaches with the achievement of the sustainable development goals. However, human security is difficult, if not impossible, to implement when nations are at war when they continue to rely on the threat of force for their security, and when they continue to focus national resources on preparations for war. In order to succeed, a human security framework has to be complemented with a common security framework. This would ensure that the threat or use of force in international relations is replaced by diplomacy, conflict resolution and international law, liberating resources for sustainable development. This common security framework works well when nation-states adhere to it. However, what happens when powerful countries, especially the nuclear-weapon states flout the law, ignore common security approaches to a conflict, and take aggressive military action? Since the end of the Cold War, this has happened a number of times, most notably the United States-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022. This article focuses on opportunities for states and civil society to make more effective use of existing common security mechanisms and strengthen common security through upcoming UN Summits. This could help to prevent war, phase out the reliance on nuclear deterrence, and shift national resources from militarism to human security, facilitating the achievement of sustainable development goals.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Asim Kurjak

Novije pravne, etičke i znanstvene spoznaje o ljudskoj reprodukciji

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:38 - 45]

Keywords: Beginning of human life, Controversies, Scientific and religious approach

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0075  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Complex problems at the beginning of human life have become a very hot topic in modern science, law, religion, and philosophy. Apart from significant scientific achievements, the medicolegal aspect of the beginning of human life is still controversial. Although many new developments have happened recently in this field, the medicolegal part is insufficiently covered. In this review article, we try to analyze them and invite readers to contribute using their own approaches.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Ivan Jurić, Emir Fazlibegović, Anshul Saxena

A 3-year Follow-up and Management of Patients with Stable Chronic Coronary Artery Disease: Is There a Role of Reverse Redistribution in Better Prognosis?

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:46 - 52]

Keywords: Angioplasty, Coronary artery disease, Collateral circulation, Left ventricular ejection fraction, Thallium scintigraphy

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0066  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Reverse redistribution of thallium-201 (201TI) imaged through scintigraphy can be helpful in assessing the myocardial viability among patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Knowledge about reverse redistribution and its association with long-term cardiac outcomes is limited. Materials and methods: Adult patients with stable CAD were eligible for inclusion. Patients underwent exercise-redistribution thallium single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and were followed up for 3 years. Patients were assessed by echocardiography for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and regional wall motion abnormalities, bicycle testing for exercise duration, and thallium SPECT for myocardial ischemia and viability. Results: A total of 156 patients with well-developed collaterals were studied. At the 3-year follow-up, patients showing reverse redistribution depicted significantly improved exercise tolerance (≥85%; p < 0.001); improved LVEF (p < 0.001); less myocardial necrosis (p < 0.05); wall motion parameters (p < 0.001); fewer angina episodes during follow-up (p = 0.02), and fewer ischemic events irrespective of being treated with oral medial therapy or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Findings suggest that adequately treated chronic CAD patients with reverse redistribution may show a better prognosis with less likelihood of adverse cardiovascular events after 3 years.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Zohar Navot

Reaching a Successful Peace Process by Task-oriented Collaborations

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:53 - 55]

Keywords: Conflict, Empathy, Peace, Rivalry, Virtual technology

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0068  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

In this article, I will introduce my current research of aspects that may optimize peace processes using practical empathy, measured and observed by neuroscientific tools and achieved by different scenarios of various altered realities. By peace, I mean a conflict that is ultimately settled and resolved. By resolution, problem-solving conflict resolution approach, and above all, by reaching mutual reconciliation and tranquillity, brotherhood, love, and cooperation.

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COMMENTARY

Tomislav Ladan

Fetus u europskoj tradiciji

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:56 - 58]

Keywords: Ključne riječi: Fetus, Embrij, Europska tradicija

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0072  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

U tekstu autor postavlja pitanje što bi bilo tko mogao bitno reći o onome stanju ili stadiju što ga mora proći svaki čovjek koji dolazi na svijet? Raščlanjuje značenja riječi fetus i embrij. Ukazuje na to da je potrebno odrediti i korijensko značenje danas već pohrvaćenih tuđica embrij i fetus, koje svojim konačnim smislom neće toliko nikoga iznenaditi koliko će potvrditi međusobnu životnu uvjetovanost obiju natuknica čak i nakon provlačenja kroz gusto korijenje indoeuropskih praoblika.

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COMMENTARY

Emilio Marin

Europe–Africa: Prolegomena for the Concept of a Scientific–Educational/Cultural–Diplomatic Center, Research Project, and/or Doctoral Study

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:59 - 61]

Keywords: Archaeology, Croatia, Europe, Mediterranean, North Africa, Religion

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0067  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

In the world, after the events symbolized by the fall of the Berlin Wall, the division and tension between East and West seemed not to prevail; however, the relationship and the problem of North and South were present. This translates, in other words, often means between rich and poor. All wisdom is how to resolve this relationship, both globally and nationally. At this moment of aggression against Ukraine, it may seem that the East–West relationship is crucial; however, if humanity overcomes this threat, I am confident that for the world, and especially for Europe, it will again be crucial for the North–South relationship. For this, in my opinion, we should begin to prepare as early as today. After all, we are witnessing increased diplomatic and political activity in Africa these days, both from Russia and from the West, especially France.

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Aleksander Zidanšek

Creative Solutions for Human Security

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:62 - 65]

Keywords: Creative solutions, Human security, Knowledge society, World out of balance

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0069  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Fast changes in the contemporary world present both opportunities and challenges. Some challenges to human security, such as large-scale wars with crimes against civilians and the use of illegal weapons, are more dangerous than ever in human history. However, the fast development of science and technology provides many opportunities to overcome these challenges and create a future sustainable knowledge society. Some guidelines for creative solutions are presented that can stop the current unsustainable patterns and lead toward an attractive vision of sustainable abundance for all.

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Erratum

Filip Derke

Through the Mediterranean Way of Life to a Healthier Brain

[Year:2024] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1--2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:66 - 66]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0074  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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