Science, Art and Religion

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Volume 1, Number 1, January-March 2022

INVITED EDITORIAL

Ivo Slaus

Creativity, Freedom, Love, Politics, Religion, and Science

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:1 - 5]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0010  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

EDITORIAL

Velimir Srića

Croatia 2030: One Possible Future

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:6 - 11]

Keywords: Croatia, Development, Future, Inherited

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0001  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The text presents an attempt to describe Croatia's problems and define a vision of possible development in the next decade. The first part of the text describes the inherited situation, depicting a diagnosis of Croatian society and economy without the necessary strategic change described by the author. The second part of the text brings a vision and explains in detail what Croatia 2030 could and should look like. The possible future is a country pioneering biodigital tourism and developing its infrastructure in such a way to become a destination for researchers of a new lifestyle based on health, organic food, sustainable living, social harmony, and superior values.

EDITORIAL

Lejla G Pokvić, Jasmin Hasić, Adnan Tulić, Tamer Bego, Tarik Uzunović, Almir Badnjević

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2030: The Window to Change

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:12 - 16]

Keywords: Bosnia, Change, Herzegovina, 2030

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0002  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This text presents an attempt to describe Bosnia and Herzegovina's challenging political, economic, and social situation and define a vision of possible development for the next decade. Authors share a vision of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2030 knowledge-based society and economy and try to outline a step in order to achieve this vision. The possible future is a country pioneering digital healthcare and developing its infrastructure in such a way to become a destination for researcher of a new personalized therapies, telemedicine solutions, and medical devices.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Frank A Chervenak, Asim Kurjak

Medical Ethics and Bioethics: New Challenges in Perinatal Medicine

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:8] [Pages No:17 - 24]

Keywords: Bioethics, Counseling, Embryo, Fetus, Medical ethics, Perinatal medicine

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0003  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Ethics describes the study of the morality of physicians and patients, innovation and research, and health policy and advocacy. Bioethics is the study of the morality of healthcare professionals, healthcare organizations, biomedical and clinical research, and healthcare policy, with the goal of improving bioethical morality. Like medical ethics, bioethics is not transcultural, transnational, or transreligious. Religious beliefs provide an important reference point for bioethics. Religious beliefs can be a major source of influence on the values of physicians. The obligation of the doctor to respect the integrity of the patient's religious values makes those values immune to criticism. This also helps to give meaning to the ethical principle of respect for autonomy. The law has been utilized prominently as the basis of bioethics which imposes serious limitations because it burdens bioethics unnecessarily by putting it at risk for being reactive. In addition, the law is incomplete and inconsistent. Now more than ever the fetus is a patient. Ethical dimensions of this clinical and ethical concept are explored.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Vedran Stefanovic

COVID-19 Vaccination: Collision of Science, Politics and Religion

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:25 - 27]

Keywords: Covid-19, Politics, Religion, Science

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0004  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic, apart from the death toll and destroyed economies, has changed the world in a previously unseen way of great magnitude. The development of vaccines has not achieved the expected effect in the fight against this virus for complex reasons. Poor communication, economic, political, and religious interests are colliding daily. This fact may certainly influence COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Scientists possess all the rights and obligations to coordinate concrete societal actions and promote a positive attitude toward vaccination. Implementation of other measures should be updated and carried out only on the bases of the scientific truth. This may be, so far, the only way to conquer the invisible and disastrous enemy of humankind.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Milan Stanojevic

Assisted Birthing and Breastfeeding in Humans: Evolutionary Advantage or Threat during COVID-19 Pandemic

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:9] [Pages No:28 - 36]

Keywords: Breastfeeding, COVID-19, Evolution, Midwifery, Salutogenesis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0015  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The review aims to discuss why assisted birth, breastfeeding, and non-separation of the mother and newborn baby are important from the evolutionary and salutogenic points of view. Even though after successful delivery, the mother is ready to continue caring for her offspring by closeness and warmth (skin-to-skin contact), with decreasing offspring's level of stress and compensating energy expenditure of the fetus during delivery by early breastfeeding of the neonate after birth, which has a long-lasting evolution of 200 to 300 million of years. During COVID-19 pandemic these natural principles of care for human offspring have been considered potentially dangerous. This non-respectful approach toward the natural processes has resulted in guidelines and recommendations advocating for the separation of the SARS-CoV-2 positive mother from her newborn infant and sometimes even abandoning breastfeeding. In the care for mothers and their children during the COVID-19 pandemic, it seems very important to find ways how to maintain health and well-being, having on mind concepts of salutogenesis and resilience. This approach includes the provision of care minimizing medicalization and iatrogenic intervention, with the promotion and enhancement of a positive state of health. With increasing knowledge on COVID-19 infection and SARS-CoV-2 virus in the perinatal period, most of the organizations have been advocating for the protection, promotion, and support to early initiation of breastfeeding and non-separation of SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers well enough to breastfeed if willing to do so. This complies with the long-lasting evolution of assistance during labor (midwifery) and breastfeeding, and the ethical principle “do no harm.”

REVIEW ARTICLE

Žarko Papić, Maida Fetahagić

Globalization of Sustainable Development and Bosnia and Herzegovina

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:11] [Pages No:37 - 47]

Keywords: Globalization, Innovation, Research, Social exclusion index, Social inclusion, Sustainable development

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0016  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The existing concept of globalization has reached its limits of sustainability, which is clearly shown by the globalization crisis. A new concept of globalization has been evolving in the UN system since the 1990s, from Human Development and Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals. It is a people-centered approach that assumes that a man is the means and goal of development. The basic tool of the new concept is social inclusion. The text presents the original methodology for calculating the social exclusion index. The dimensions of social exclusion in living standards, health, education, social participation, and access to services are measured through nine indicators: a formula that gives an index value in percentage. According to the Social Exclusion Index, 49.4% of the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina are socially excluded. The text analyzes BiH documents relevant to sustainable development, especially the “Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework—A Partnership for Sustainable Development 2021–2025” (BiH Government and UN to BiH). The conclusion stands out that the most important investment for sustainable development is investing in education and research. Without the general development of knowledge and innovation, smart growth is not possible.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Sead Alić

How to unite the Heavens?

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:8] [Pages No:48 - 55]

Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, God, Religions, War, West

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0005  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The reality of Bosnia and Herzegovina reopens the problem of the role of religious differences in starting and waging wars. The title suggests the necessity of finding what is common in all religions, that is, the necessity of rethinking the relationship between faith and the Mind. The war that took tens of thousands of lives in Bosnia and Herzegovina displaced hundreds of thousands of people—showed that faith can still be instrumentalized and used against man and the idea of humanity. The text was created as an interpretation of the Western oblivion of the traditional value system and, as such is a call to re-examine our relationship to religion.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Izet Masic

Scientometrics: The Imperative for Scientific Validity of the Scientific Publications Content

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:25] [Pages No:56 - 80]

Keywords: Citation, Google Scholar Index, H-Index, IF, Scientific publications, Scientometry, Validity

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0017  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Scientometry is a part of Scientology (the science of science) that analyzes scientific articles and their citation in a selected sample of scientific journals. The basic part of scientometry is bibliometrics, which was introduced in the 1970s to mark quantitative research on communication processes by applying appropriate mathematical and statistical methods to published publications. Scientific research is the only real way and method for the proliferation of true knowledge in all spheres of science, but also in academic institutions. The ability to study a scientific problem is the highest level of knowledge. Medical, and in a broader sense biomedical scientific research, is a process of systematic research of current and important health problems related to defined aspects of physical, mental, or social well-being of the population of local, regional or global character. Objective/Aim: This article aims to present the current tools available in scientometry for the evaluation of the scientific validity of published articles and explain the purpose. Materials and Methods: The author searched the most influential online databases and analyzed deposited papers on the topic of scientometrics and used the descriptive method of reviewing important facts about experiences with scientometrics in the scientific and academic practice. Results and discussion: Researchers in medical research examine biological, socioeconomic, and environmental factors in which we live and work, which affect health and contribute to illness, disability, or death. The most important satisfaction for any scientist should be the realization that the result of research in a certain way in the future will affect at least one person to be healthier, which should be fundamental to the realization of research in practice—at universities or specialized scientific laboratories and institutes. The format of scientific articles can vary greatly from journal to journal. Nevertheless, many of them follow the IMRAD scheme, recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), or the BOMRAD form, recommended by the author of this article. Scientometrics analyzes scientific articles and their citation in a selected sample of scientific journals. Bibliometrics denotes quantitative research of communication processes by applying appropriate mathematical and statistical methods to books and other communication media. Bibliometric methods are used for quantitative analysis of written materials. Citation provides guidelines for scientific work because it stimulates scientists to deal with the most current areas of research, organizes scientific article at the world level, or shapes and directs it. Citation is influenced by: article quality, understanding of the article, language in which the article is written, loyalty to a group of researchers, article type, etc. Some of the indicators used in the evaluation of scientific work are Impact factor (IF); Citation of the article; Journal citations; Number and order of authors, etc. The impact factor is the number of citations of articles published in the journal during the previous two years divided by the total number of articles published in the journal during the same period. The factor of influence depends on the quality of the journal, the language in which it was printed, the area it covers, and the journal distribution system. In this article, we pointed out that the h-Index presents one of a set of valuable measures to determine scientific excellence (bibliometrics recognize also m-value as useful). Although the Hirsch index (h-Index) is a better measure than a citation impact factor (IF), it is still based on the opinions of other authors. Conclusion: Since research in medicine can affect the improvement of clinical and public health practices, it is necessary to conduct them. Only quality research with exact results offers the scientific community new information about the examined problem, the researcher's satisfaction, the possibility of communicating and conducting scientific dialogue with other members of the academic community, and opening opportunities to receive a critical review of those who have insight into the research.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Asim Kurjak, Panos Antsaklis

Recent Advances in the Study of Fetal Brain Structure and Function

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:13] [Pages No:81 - 93]

Keywords: Antenatal neurodevelopment, Fetal neurodevelopment, KANET

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0013  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Assessment of the fetal nervous system, both in the anatomical and functional way, has remained a part of the research project for several years. Advances in ultrasound techniques, especially the evolution of ultrasound techniques and particularly the introduction of 3D and 4D techniques, offered the chance to check fetal anatomy and activity in real-time and in extreme detail. How the brain of the fetus develops and matures both in utero and during extrauterine life is a very complex process that follows a selected behavioral pattern that undergoes changes and progresses reciprocal to every week of growth, mirroring its neurological integrity. If the stages that the neurological development goes through during in utero life may be recognized and standardized, then the doubtless abnormal neurobehaviors may be defined and prompt diagnosis of pathological conditions of the fetal nervous system may be possible. To this goal, a pioneer test was introduced by Kurjak; Kurjak antenatal neurodevelopmental test (KANET) uses 4D ultrasound to assess fetal behavior and movements in a way similar to postnatal neonatal neurological evaluation. Evidence from multicenter studies shows that the test has the potential to spot fetuses at risk for neurodevelopment impairment and it's applicable in everyday clinical practice.

Original Scientific Article

Sanja Kupesic-Plavsic

Tips for Faculty Development and Mentoring Success

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:9] [Pages No:94 - 102]

Keywords: Faculty development, Faculty mentoring, Health sciences academic institutions, Leadership development, Writing skills

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0018  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Health sciences centers rely on competent and engaged faculty members for their success, and therefore robust faculty development and mentoring programs are a must for every academic institution. Faculty development and mentoring program metrics should be closely linked with the program goals. The goals of institutional faculty development and mentoring programs are to increase faculty retention, improve job satisfaction, and facilitate promotion. This paper describes the essential components of an innovative concept of the comprehensive Faculty Development Program, consisting of the Institutional Faculty Development Program, Departmental Faculty Development Program, Personalized Faculty Development Program, Leadership Development Academy, Community Faculty, and Preceptors’ Development Program, Writing Interest Group, and an outcome-driven, promotion-oriented Institutional Faculty Mentoring Program at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso. In the discussion section, we review and discuss the theoretical perspectives and principles of faculty development and mentoring in health sciences professions and provide some of the key references for those interested in learning more about these topics.

Original Scientific Article

Žarko Primorac

Emerik Blum—Relationship to Science and Knowledge

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:9] [Pages No:103 - 111]

Keywords: Emerik Blum, Industry, Innovation, Knowledge, R&D, Science

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0011  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This article is dedicated to the life and work of Emerik Blum, one of the most deserving people for the advancement of science and technology in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Blum's name is firmly connected to the creation and development of Energoinvest, as the most important bearer of ideas and organized efforts to start the process of scientific research and development of science in general. Energoinvest was founded and launched by Blum with a group of enthusiasts in the middle of the last century. From the very beginning, Energoinvest/Blum has focused on the modern concept of investment and development of the scientific research complex. This concept has given great results: the growth of a large number of university educated people, the establishment of significant research and development institutes, equipping the first technical faculties in Sarajevo, specialization of scientists abroad and other positive achievements. Energoinvest has set aside more to finance scientific research in the economy than the entire BiH economy combined. Thanks to investments in R&D, Energoinvest has grown into one of the largest companies in the former Yugoslav state, the largest exporter, and a company recognized on the world business maps. The text analyzes how it was possible to launch an ambitious concept of large-scale industry development in one, then destroyed and backward, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in which the modern concept of organizing scientific research made a vital contribution. Unfortunately, much of the achievements in the R&D sector, as in other sectors in the war and postwar period, have been destroyed. Thus, today's Bosnia and Herzegovina, according to indicators of investment and quality of science and R&D, is significantly behind comparable countries. Hence, it should come as no surprise that it lags behind in all other sectors of social development. In such circumstances, it would be normal to expect that the interest of responsible institutions to initiate and start positive processes in the development of science, technology and innovation, as a whole would be awakened, since without greater efforts and progress in these sectors, unsatisfactory situation in the country cannot be changed.

Original Scientific Article

Sead Alić

The Bosnian Chalk Circle

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:112 - 117]

Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosniaks, Croats, Crusades, Jesus, Love and hate, Nations, Serbs

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0006  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This text aims to provide a philosophical review of the current situation in the part of Europe that has already once been fertile ground sprouting a world war. Poetry, philosophy, and theology provide pieces of a mosaic showing the image of a return to a united sky. The text builds on the views of sophia perennis, as the one school of thought in philosophy, theology, and even religion that strives to rise above all types of divisions and to point out how problematic the approach by the contemporary Western civilization really is. Wars, including the one in Bosnia and Herzegovina, are a logical consequence of the contemporary mass media materialism.

OPINION

Zdravko Mršić

Capitalism

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:118 - 120]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0007  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

LETTER TO EDITOR

Mirsad Đonlagić, Dalila Ivanković, Fuad Ćatović

Thermal Waste Treatment

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:121 - 126]

Keywords: Economic analysis, Thermal treatment of waste, Waste, Waste incinerator, Waste management

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0012  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Population growth and the development of society generate threateningly large amounts of waste. If nothing is done in terms of waste management, we are threatened with suffocation and denial of a healthy and ecologically clean environment. In this paper, we will give general information about waste as well as waste management and try to point out possible solutions for waste disposal, volume reduction, and utilization of such treated waste. The paper explains the general principles of thermal treatment of waste and presents the principles of operation of individual incinerators.

Art Poetry

Enes Kišević

Enes Kišević: Poems in Croatian and Translated in English

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:127 - 132]

Keywords: Enes Kišević, Poetry, Poems

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0008  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Art Poetry

Svetlana Spaić

Enes Kišević, Snowball, and Avalanche

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:133 - 136]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0009  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Review of Conference

Sead Alić

Bosanski Misaoni Tronožac

[Year:2022] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:137 - 139]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0014  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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