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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 3--4 ( July-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Religion in Bioethical Education: One Proposition

Nada Gosić, Tajana Tomak

Keywords : Bioethical education, Healthcare professionals, Pregnancy, Religious beliefs, Students

Citation Information : Gosić N, Tomak T. Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Religion in Bioethical Education: One Proposition. 2023; 2 (3--4):112-116.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11005-0054

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 28-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


The article presents and actualizes the authors’ thoughts and views that contribute to establishing and developing a culture of dialogue on the stated topic in bioethical education. Therefore, the article should assist students of health studies and health professionals in establishing and developing relations with pregnant women and mothers (and newborns) raised and matured within different religious values. Considering that the topic is intended for implementation in the curriculum, the selection of literature aimed at selecting authors whose words and thoughts will be clear and understandable to students and, as such, will help them understand the behavior and decision-making of religious pregnant women in healthcare and nursing procedures. For that purpose, a PubMed database known to students and teachers was researched, in which articles related to the words pregnancy, childbirth, religion, the religiosity of pregnant women, church and pregnant women, etc., were published in the past 5 years. Two books were found while searching the literature. The first book is also a Croatian translation of the book “Christ Centered Childbirth” by Kelly J Townsend, in which three cases from Croatia were published. In these cases, pregnant women and mothers describe the practical importance of reading the thoughts and recommendations published in this book for pregnant women, future parents, and families. The second book is “Pregnancy and Breastfeeding,” published in the edition “Islam and Medicine” by Suada Mujkić. The content of the book connects the Islamic religion and tradition with pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. The article can help students of the faculties of health studies and health professionals to equally apply, in addition to professional knowledge, ethical cognition that will help them establish and develop an ethical relationship and ethical care for religious pregnant women and mothers when facing a decision.

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  1. More details about the Rijeka model of bioethical education in: Gosić, N. Znanstveno- nastavna konceptualizacija predmeta medicinska etika na Medicinskom fakultetu u Rijeci, Društvena istraživanja, 1996, No. 23–24, pp. 751–761.
  2. Gosić N. Bioetička edukacija, Pergamena, Zagreb, 2005, pp. 86–110.
  3. Gosić N. Bioethical education in Croatia, Bioethic und kulturelle Pluralität (ed. Čović A. & Hoffman Th. S.), Academia Verlag, pp. 214–225.
  4. Gosić N. Bioetičke perspektive, Pergamena, Zagreb, 2011, pp. 197–205.
  5. These are the courses: Bioethics, Bioethics and the Culture of Dialogue in Medicine, Ethics of Health Care, Ethics of Nursing in Theory and Practice, and Ethics of Physiotherapists in Theory and Practice.
  6. Retrieved from Gosić N, Bioetička Edukacija, p. 87.
  7. Ibid., p. 89.
  8. Ibid., p. 91.
  9. Cyphers NA, Clements AD, Lindseth G. The relationship between religiosity and health-promoting behaviors in pregnant women. West J Nurs Res 2017;39(11):1429–1446. DOI: 10.1177/0193945916679623
  10. Giurgescu C, Murn NL. Church member support benefits psychological well-being of pregnant African American women. J Christ Nurs 2016;33(2):87–91. DOI: 10.1097/CNJ.0000000000000256
  11. Gitsels-van der Wal JT, Martin L, Manniën J, et al. A qualitative study on how Muslim women of Moroccan descent approach antenatal anomaly screening. Midwifery 2015;31(3):e43–9. DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2014.12.007
  12. Gitsels-van der Wal JT, Martin L, Manniën J, et al. Antenatal counselling for congenital anomaly tests: pregnant Muslim Moroccan women's preferences. Midwifery 2015;31(3):e50–7. DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2015.01.002
  13. Laza-Vásquez C, Cortés-Martínez KV, Cano-Rivillas JP. “It was God's will”: continuing pregnancy after perinatal infection by Zika virus. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020;28:e3310. DOI: 10.1590/1518-8345.3485.3310
  14. More in Primaljski vjesnik, no. 20, May 2016, pp. 13–19.
  15. Suada Mujkić, Pregnancy and breastfeeding, [Islam and medicine]. Retrieved from:, accessed 10.7.2019.
  16. Ibid., p. 17.
  17. Ibid., pp. 63–68.
  18. Islamic jurists determine how long a father is obliged to support his children - sons until they reach adulthood and daughters until they marry. Suada Mujkić, Ibid., p. 94.
  19. The book was translated into Croatian and published by Teovizija, Zagreb, 2020, and X is a book in the Library Sjećanja.
  20. The cases we cite are published in that book, pp. 182–192.
  21. Students choose one scientific perspective.
  22. Students choose one unscientific perspective.
  23. Students choose one religion.
  24. The current practice in the realization of student workshops has shown that students are most interested in citing. The current practice in the realization of student workshops has shown that students are most interested in citing three scientific points of view.
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