Ethics describes the study of the morality of physicians and patients, innovation and research, and health policy and advocacy. Bioethics is the study of the morality of healthcare professionals, healthcare organizations, biomedical and clinical research, and healthcare policy, with the goal of improving bioethical morality. Like medical ethics, bioethics is not transcultural, transnational, or transreligious. Religious beliefs provide an important reference point for bioethics. Religious beliefs can be a major source of influence on the values of physicians. The obligation of the doctor to respect the integrity of the patient's religious values makes those values immune to criticism. This also helps to give meaning to the ethical principle of respect for autonomy. The law has been utilized prominently as the basis of bioethics which imposes serious limitations because it burdens bioethics unnecessarily by putting it at risk for being reactive. In addition, the law is incomplete and inconsistent. Now more than ever the fetus is a patient. Ethical dimensions of this clinical and ethical concept are explored.
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